Download The Political Economy of EU Ties with Iraq and Iran: An by Amir M. Kamel PDF

By Amir M. Kamel

This ebook analyzes the failure of the EU's peace-through-trade coverage in Iraq and Iran among 1979 and 2009 from a theoretical and empirical viewpoint. the writer provides to the trade-peace conception debate and offers proof helping the necessity to overview the EU's peace-through-trade-policy in the direction of Iraq and Iran, and commonly.

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Additional info for The Political Economy of EU Ties with Iraq and Iran: An Assessment of the Trade-Peace Relationship

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Further, the belief that the benefits of trade are distributed asymmetrically under the Comparative Advantage Trade Theory means that trade can be used as a means to prevent conflict and maintain peace through coercion. , if trade is conducted to cater to the needs of society as a whole and not just the elites and if the gainer in a comparative advantage trade exchange uses this superior position to influence peace in the loser’s country). The Trade-Peace Theory 33 As hypotheses 2 and 3 allow for trade and peace to have a positive correlation under certain conditions, the Liberal positive-sum assumptions under anti-Mercantilist, Liberal IR, and Peace theories are what are explicitly put to the test in this book.

61 As a result, the Pahlavi regime was able to adopt a selection of Western policies and ideals in order to help industrialize Iran and maintain a secular system. This was reflected in the fact that the EU (then termed the European Economic Community, EEC) was Iran’s largest trading partner in 1978, as the EU rewarded the shah’s amicable stance toward the West by exporting twice as many goods to Iran as it did to the United States. 66 The regime change reversed the friendly EU-Iranian relationship, as the new Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) exclaimed, “Death to the Shah.

14 As a result, the EU adopted its peace-through-trade policy with the belief and intent of being able to prevent conflict and maintain peace through trade. 15 The CFSP had the potential to change this status quo. 17 As a result of the CFSP’s democratic decision-making process, in theory the EU could oppose the United States on a foreign policy matter and undermine its global power. 38 The Political Economy of EU Ties with Iraq and Iran Further, the United States also had reason to worry about the economic might of a more unified Europe.

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