Download The Evolution of Intelligence by Robert J. Sternberg, James C. Kaufman PDF
By Robert J. Sternberg, James C. Kaufman
How is one to appreciate the character of intelligence? One process is thru psychometric trying out, yet such an technique usually places the "cart prior to the horse"--the attempt earlier than the idea. one other procedure is to take advantage of evolutionary concept. This criterion has been prompt by way of a few contributors long ago, from Charles Darwin within the extra far-off prior to Howard Gardner, Stephen Gould, Steven Pinker, Carl Sagan, David Stenhouse, and so on. The chapters during this publication tackle 3 significant questions: 1. Does evolutionary thought support us comprehend the character of human intelligence? 2. if this is the case, what does it let us know in regards to the nature of human intelligence? three. And if this is the case, how has intelligence advanced? The target of this booklet is to give assorted issues of view at the evolution of intelligence as provided by way of best specialists within the box. specifically, it can be attainable to higher comprehend the character and societal implications of intelligence by means of knowing how and why it has developed because it has. This e-book is exclusive in providing a variety of issues of view regarding the evolution of human intelligence.
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Additional resources for The Evolution of Intelligence
The greater social complexity of hominid groups required a greater awareness of ourselves and the needs and motivations of others so that we could better understand, and perhaps manipulate, others. In other words, language evolved because of social pressures to handle unique social problems. , more cooperative) groups. ”). According to Richard Alexander (1989), hominids essentially evolved a new hostile force of nature—themselves. And central to our claims, we believe that one critical ability in the evolution of social intelligence and in the subsequent development of other forms of cognition is the ability to inhibit thoughts and behaviors in certain contexts.
What we don’t think or do is sometimes as important as what we do think or do. Moreover, we propose that, in some contexts, there was greater pressure on ancient human females than males to develop good inhibitory abilities and that remnants of this ancient heritage can be observed in contemporary men and women (Bjorklund & Kipp, 1996). We then provide some evidence for our hypothesis that it was inhibitory mechanisms, evolved initially to deal with control of emotional responding, that were subsequently coopted for more general use in intellectual functioning.
Dealing with other members of a group requires social intelligence, or what has sometimes been referred to as Machiavellian intelligence (Byrne & Whiten, 1988), reflecting the political goals of almost all social interactions. Social cognition is as complex, or perhaps more complex than the cold cognition used to read a book or solve math problems, and no simple listing of specific skills will do the topic justice. At a more basic level, this may involve not looking in the direction of a desired resource while in the presence of a rival or the withholding of sexual and aggressive responses.