Download Les Académiques : Academica (Édition bilingue) by Marcus Tullius Cicero PDF

By Marcus Tullius Cicero

Ce traité de Cicéron est le manifeste le plus talentueux que l'Antiquité nous ait légué en faveur de l'Académie sceptique. Il est en effet une resource critical pour l'histoire de los angeles philosophie grecque : sans lui, nous ne saurions presque rien de philosophes aussi importants qu'Arcésilas, Carnéade, Philon de Larissa et Antiochus d'Ascalon. Mais il est non moins intéressant par l'acribie, et parfois l. a. ardour, avec laquelle Cicéron défend le 'scepticisme" de los angeles Nouvelle Académie face aux arguments des dogmatiques en faveur de los angeles "perception" goal des phénomènes. Loin de se contenter d'exposer le statut des diverses questions d'après des doxographics. Cicéron tente de cerner les véritables enjeux philosophiques et scientifiques des positions académiciennes face à celles des Stoïciens. los angeles présente traduction française de cette édition bilingue est los angeles première traduction complète depuis les années 1930.

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Extra info for Les Académiques : Academica (Édition bilingue)

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Thegreaterprobability ofone ofthem will be proved by refuting the others and this by means of new ostensions and nominations. Thus the ~hollowM (the shadow Wingenslein talks about) (TB: 9. 11. 1914. 15. II. iled by reality. And as this possibility is a modality axed on the future. this "hollow Mis also time considered as the condition of modalizations. 90. Negation is at the hean of testimony. We do not show the sense, we show something. That something is named. and we say: that at least does not prohibit M the admission of the sense in question.

If necessary. 89. What is absolutely required, on the contrary. is the contingency of the fu· tUre. By this. not only the contingency of~eventsk should be understood but also lhecontingency of sense. It was possible in 1932 that Karol Wojtila would one day S4 0 THE REFERENT. THE NAME THE REFERENT. THE NAME 0 55 be elected pope and that Neil Armstrong would one day walk on the moon. The two MeventsM were logically possible, since neither of them was absurd, like the phrase The sum ofthe angles ofa triangle is Wojtila.

Subordinate. or superior. the author of the image does not link up the same way with the original phrase as with its Mtranscription. MFor them. the analogy of-sense~ between the two phrases is not only the analogy between the abstract concepts to which they can be reduced, but it should also extend to the universes which are presented by the two phrases and within which they are themselves situated. These universes are constituted by the way the instances (not only the sense. but also the referent, the addressor.

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