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By Walter S. Melion, Lee Palmer Wandel

In bringing jointly paintings on optic idea, ethnography, and the visible cultures of Christianity, this quantity bargains a feeling of the richness and the complexity of early smooth brooding about the human eye. The seven case reports discover the connection among imaginative and prescient and data, taking on such various artifacts as a logo ebook, a Jesuit mariological textual content, Calvin's Institutes, Las Casas's Apologia, Hans Staden's True History, the Codex Telleriano-Remensis, and an exegetical portray via Herri met de Bles. Argued from diversified disciplinary views, those essays pose an important questions about the eyes, asking how they have been construed as tools of witnessing, conception, illustration, cognition, and non secular trust. individuals comprise: Tom Conley, Walter Melion, Jose Rabasa, Lee Palmer Wandel, Michel Weemans, Nicolas Wey Gomez, and Neil Whitehead.

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G. Herbermann, trans. J. Fischer – F. von Vieser (New York: 1907) 47. 35 Translation by R. Mac Donald. , “Renaissance German Cosmographers and the Naming of America”, Past and Present 191 (2006) 3–43. For this author’s assessment of the effect of the new discoveries in Germany, see The German Discovery of the World: Renaissance Encounters with the Strange and the Marvelous [Studies in Early Modern German History] (Charlottesville: 2008). 33 34 Fig. 8. Martin Waldseemüller, Mappamundi, 1507. Woodcut.

2008) 59–106. On this aspect of Las Casas’s efforts to oppose Sepúlveda, see Wagner and Parish, The Life and Writings of Bartolomé de las Casas 170–182. For documentation on Las Casas vs. , Cronología documentada de los viajes, estancias y actuaciones de Fray Bartolomé de las Casas [Estudios monográficos 2] (Bayamón: 1984) 721–807. Sepúlveda used the same reasoning as Mesa in Argument 4 of his Apologia, printed in Rome in 1550: Apología en favor del libro sobre las justas causas de la guerra, ed.

BCE), Mediterranean geographers had long conceived of India as a quarter of the inhabited world extending indefinitely to the south of the parallel that joined the Strait of Gibraltar with the farthest reaches of the so-called Taurus mountain-range, and indefinitely to the east of the River Nile [Fig. 2]. Columbus’s ‘India’ itself carried a slightly more restrictive meaning than Eratosthenes’s, for it was primarily a maritime India. By the time Columbus first crossed the Atlantic, this India had come to be graphically represented as a complex geographical system organized around that distinctly tropical accident we know today as the Indian Ocean.

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