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By J. A. Sellwood

Discs ensue in a large choice of astronomical contexts, ranging in measurement from planetary ring platforms to galaxies. as the dynamical difficulties posed through every one kind of disc are remarkably related, the Astronomy division of the college of Manchester determined to compile specialists in each one sector for a convention in December 1988. This booklet is a set of the papers provided on the convention. It includes usually evaluation papers overlaying contemporary advancements in either thought and observations of planetary ring platforms, discs in star-forming areas, protoplanetary discs, accretion discs and galaxy discs provided by way of knowledgeable in every one box. The booklet additionally provides short summaries of contributed papers outlining present examine by means of some of the contributors.

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Based on these analyses, it is tempting to derive an approximate formula for the effective torque generated by non-axisymmetric instabilities in self-gravitating discs (Lin & Pringle 1987). This approximate formula, though very crude, is easily applied to the calculations of the global evolution of a self-gravitating disc. Note that the effective torque induced by gravitational instability is due to global transfer and it would not necessarily lead to a turbulent flow pattern. An alternative scheme for angular momentum transport has been proposed by Donner (1979) and Spruit (1987).

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299, 542. Shu, F. , Yuan, C. k Lissauer, J. , 1985. Astrophys. , 291, 356. Simulations of light scattering in planetary rings L. Dones1, M. R. Showalter2 and J. N. Cuzzi1 1 NASA-Ames Research Center, California, USA 2 Stanford University, USA 1 Statement of the problem Most studies of light scattering in planetary rings have assumed layers which are many particles thick, plane parallel, and homogeneous. However, real rings may be thin, vertically warped, and clumpy. We have developed a ray tracing code which calculates the light scattered by an arbitrary distribution of particles.

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