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By Lawrence M. Ward

Dynamical Cognitive technological know-how makes to be had to the cognitive technology neighborhood the analytical instruments and methods of dynamical platforms technological know-how, including the variables of swap and time to the research of human cognition. The unifying subject matter is that human habit is an "unfolding in time" whose examine could be augmented via the applying of time-sensitive instruments from disciplines corresponding to physics, arithmetic, and economics, the place switch through the years is of important significance.

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Neural nets are at bottom cellular automata (CAs), which are in turn at bottom Turing machines (TMs); these two types of computational creatures (CAs and TMs) are simply different ways of idealizing mathematically the very same computing entity. ) In light of this, if we can overthrow the Turing machine version of (:P:ER~UT)' and if our overthrowing doesn't trade on factors unique to TMs, but only on properties shared by other equivalent automata (it doesn't follow from the fact that two automata are equivalent mathematically that they don't differ at all), then we will have overthrown (:P:ERct:LL) and (:P:ERNN)' INTRODUCTION 51 For this reason connectionism is nothing new from our perspective, and if the arguments to be presented below destroy classical Cognitive Engineering they destroy connectionist Cognitive Engineering.

In Chapter II I'm going to spend some time talking in detail about various automata, Turing machines included. For now, for the 28 WHAT ROBOTS CAN AND CAN 'T BE uninitiated, it will suffice to identify Turing machines with simple computer programs, or rather, a bit more carefully put, with the pencil-and-paper "machine" one sometimes uses to hand-simulate simple "bugged" computer programs. To remove the metaphor: a bugged computer program g> is one which doesn't compute some function f : -) 'I' (Le.

In the final part of Chapter IX I extend my attack on logicist AI to an attack on connectionism, which is discussed briefly below, in the present chapter. Finally, in Chapter X, I offer some very brief concluding remarks about my overall case for the position that robots will largely do what we do, but won't be one of us. B) Sherlock Holmes + ARGUMENT FROM JONAH (Searle) IV " ARGUMENT FROM INCORRlGffiIUSM IX ,~ V I CONCLUSION X INTRODUCTION 45 The Cluster Approach Unfortunately, though some philosophers have composed comprehensive essays on the foundations of AI [most notably, in my opinion, Fetzer (1990) and Pollock (1989)], generally the sort of case I seek to articulate in this essay must be cultivated from "clusters" of philosophical work which is in many cases not explicitly connected to AI.

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