Download Decline in Employment of People With Disabilities: A Policy by David C. Stapleton, Richard V. Burkhauser PDF
By David C. Stapleton, Richard V. Burkhauser
Researchers agree that the employment price for working-aged individuals with disabilities declined through the Nineteen Nineties. What they do not agree on is the most reason for this decline. a few cite the expanding severity of disabilities whereas others argue that the easing of eligibility criteria and raises within the relative merits of Social protection incapacity courses (SSI and SSDI) are guilty. nonetheless others argue that the passage and implementation of the ADA deals a intent for the decline. This publication swings open the doorways in this debate. It provides the newest learn at the employment woes of the working-aged inhabitants with disabilities in a manner that's obtainable not just to researchers, yet to policymakers, advocacy teams, and grass-roots incapacity groups.
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Extra resources for Decline in Employment of People With Disabilities: A Policy Puzzle
They find that a downward trend in employment is apparent during the 1990s in each of the gender, age, race and education subgroups of people with disabilities they investigate, with no one subgroup explaining a substantial part of the decline. In contrast, they find that compositional changes in these subgroups had a much more important influence on the increases in the employment of working-aged people with disabilities during the 1980s business cycle. Houtenville and Daly also conduct a decomposition by health status.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A major advantage of the NHIS is that it includes detailed health and impairment information, as well as general questions about limitations found in other national surveys. ) via a checklist without first going through a screener question. Thus, persons with impairments are identified regardless of whether they report an activity limitation or a doctor visit or a number of other positive screener responses. This allows researchers to capture a random sample of the population with this set of impairments.
Thus, they conclude that increases in the severity of impairments in the working-aged population with disabili- 18 Burkhauser and Stapleton ties reduced the overall employment rate, and that the ADA, or possibly other changes in the social environment, had a positive effect on the employment of working-aged people with disabilities. Blanck, Schwochau, and Song (Chapter 9) approach the economics-based discussion in DeLeire and Kruse and Schur from the broader perspective of the law. They criticize the theoretical model used to analyze protective legislation such as the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the ADA as too narrow in its assumptions about competitive labor and product markets.