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By Gordan Crawford, Christof Hartmann
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Additional resources for Decentralisation in Africa: A Pathway out of Poverty and Conflict?
4, pp. , and D. Rothchild, 2005, ‘ Territorial Decentralization and Civil War Settlements’, in Sustainable Peace: Power and Democracy After Civil Wars, ed. G. Roeder and D. Rothchild, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. , J. Ahmad and R. : World Bank. : World Bank. , 1993, Local Government in the Third World: Experience of Decentralisation in Tropical Africa, Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa. McGarry, J. and B. , 2002, ‘Decentralisation, Division of Power and Crisis Prevention: A Theoretical Exploration with Reference to Africa’, in Fragile Peace, State Failure, Violence and Development in Crisis Regions, ed.
Although the argument that decentralisation can be effective for the reduction of poverty due to inherent opportunities for higher popular participation and increased efficiency in public service delivery is certainly valid, it must be taken into consideration that the link between decentralisation and poverty is by no means automatic (Steiner, 2007). Decentralisation is a highly complex reform process which requires comprehensive transformation and modification in political, administrative and fiscal procedures.
It entails two systems of intergovernmental transfers, the recurrent transfer system and the development transfer system, through which the unconditional, conditional and equalisation grants are now channelled. This significantly reduces the administrative burden compared to the previous transfer system. Besides, the Fiscal Decentralisation Strategy provides for a greater flexibility in the use of grants. With increasing capacity of local governments, grants are planned to have decreasing conditional and increasing unconditional elements.