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By Jack Botwinick Ph.D. (auth.)

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For example, overall wisdom, overall insight, or the ability to cope with problems in general, may infiuence the levels of many or all abilities. Similarly, overall decline in intellective function with age may be explained by a common mechanism, as for example the memory defect indicated by Cohen (1957) and Berger, Bernstein, Klein, Cohen and Lucas ( 1964). It does not seem likely that infinite exposures would tend to equalize each of the many abilities independently. Since each ability may have its antecedents in biological determinants and in selective values emphasized in early training, we should expect differential effects of long exposure, not equalization, except for the effects of common mechanisms.

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Foulds, G. A. Variations in the intellectual activities of adults. Amer. J. , 1949, 62, 238-246. Foulds, G. A. and Raven, J. C. Normal changes in the mental abilities of adults as age advances. J. ment. , 1948, 94, 133-142. Fox, Charlotte. Vocabulary ability in later maturity. J. educ. , 1947, 38, 482-492. Fox, Charlotte and Birren, J. E. The differential decline of subtest scores of the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale in 60-69 year old individuals. J. genet. , 1950, 77, 313-317. Garfield, S.

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