Download Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space: New by Martin Raubal, David M. Mark, Andrew U. Frank PDF
By Martin Raubal, David M. Mark, Andrew U. Frank
Two decades in the past, from July eight to twenty, 1990, 60 researchers accrued for 2 weeks at Castillo-Palacio Magalia in Las Navas del Marques (Avila Province, Spain) to debate cognitive and linguistic points of geographic area. This assembly was once the beginning of winning learn on cognitive matters in geographic details technological know-how, produced an edited ebook (D. M. Mark and A. U. Frank, Eds., 1991, Cognitive and Linguistic features of Geographic house. NATO ASI sequence D: Behavioural and Social Sciences sixty three. Kluwer, Dordrecht/Boston/London), and ended in a biannual convention (COSIT), a refereed magazine (Spatial Cognition and Computation), and a considerable and nonetheless growing to be examine neighborhood. It seemed useful to evaluate the achievements and to re-evaluate the study demanding situations two decades later. What has replaced within the age of computational ontologies and cyber-infrastructures? contemplate that 1990 the internet was once purely approximately to emerge and the first actual laptops had simply seemed! The 2010 assembly introduced jointly some of the unique individuals, yet used to be additionally open to others, and invited contributions from all who're getting to know those subject matters. Early-career scientists, engineers, and humanists operating on the intersection of cognitive technological know-how and geographic info technology have been invited to aid with the re-examination of analysis wishes and ways. The assembly used to be very profitable and in comparison the examine time table specified by the 1990 booklet with achievements during the last two decades after which became to the long run: What are the demanding situations at the present time? What are valuable ambitions for uncomplicated study? What could be completed within the subsequent two decades? What are the teachings discovered? This edited ebook will examine the present country of the sphere via chapters by way of members within the 1990 and 2010 conferences and also will record an interdisciplinary learn schedule for the longer term.
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Extra info for Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space: New Perspectives on Geographic Information Research (Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography)
10), or a spatial configuration is generated through instantiation from a formal specification. If the task is to answer questions about spatial properties and relations of the configuration, the result is available instantly due to 36 C. Freksa Fig. 11 Two approaches to generating spatial entities and relations: in the upper part of the figure, a classical sequential symbolic computing approach transforms a formal specification of a spatial configuration by means of formal reasoning into a formal result on the meta-level.
Top Conceptually neighboring columns and conceptually neighboring rows from the original table have been merged. Bottom Two coarse inferences using this composition table (composition operator is denoted by ). Above the pictograms, the relations are symbolized in classical logic notation. For an elaborate explanation see (Freksa 1992a) To simplify and support the use of qualitative spatial calculi for specific reasoning tasks, various tools have been developed. Prime examples are SparQ (Wallgruen et al.
Arranging temporal and spatial relations by conceptual neighborhood enables numerous features for representing spatial knowledge and for spatial reasoning: • Sets of neighboring relations can be lumped together to define coarse relations (Freksa 1992a, b); • Conceptual neighborhoods define hierarchies for representing incomplete knowledge (Freksa and Barkowsky 1996); • Qualitative reasoning based on conceptual neighborhoods allows for efficient non-disjunctive reasoning (Nebel and Bürckert 1995; Balbiani et al.