Download Clear water, blue skies: China's environment in the new by Todd Johnson, Feng Liu, Richard S. Newfarmer, World Bank PDF

By Todd Johnson, Feng Liu, Richard S. Newfarmer, World Bank

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East-West Center Special Report 5. Hawaii. WHO (World Health Organization) and UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme). 1992. Urban Air Pollution in Megacities of the World. Oxford: Blackwell. World Bank. 1992. World Development Report 1992: Development and the Environment. New York: Oxford University Press. WRI (World Resources Institute). 1995. World Resources, 1994-95. New York: Oxford University Press. Page 17 Chapter Two Pollution, Health, and Productivity: Estimating Today's Costs Air and water pollution are costly.

803 µg/m3 in 1993 (Chen 1995). In addition to local effects, air pollution has regional and global consequences. Long-range transport of acid rain, primarily from sulfur, has already caused serious damage to agriculture, ecosystems, and materials (Hao and Liu 1997). In response, the National Environmental Protection Agency recently recommended establishing sulfur dioxide and acid rain control areas. Page 11 Global effects of air pollution include changes in climate and destruction of the ozone layer.

By encouraging the public to be more vigilant about the environment and to report violations promptly, the enforcement record of local environmental agencies has improved. Source: World Bank staff. fur dioxide concentrations and acid rain are also high in areas where high-sulfur coal is consumed. In general, northern cities have more serious particulate pollution because coal is used for space heating, while southern cities have serious sulfur dioxide pollution. Sources of air pollutants Rapid growth and rising incomes have increased China's demand for energy.

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