Download Blowing Smoke: Rethinking the War on Drugs Without by Michael J. Reznicek PDF
By Michael J. Reznicek
Alcohol, opiates, cocaine and marijuana, between different medicinal drugs, were used and abused for millennia. sooner than the affliction version method of drug dependancy, which posits that dependancy is a mental and organic challenge and that victims are sufferers, societies had a manageable answer: allow humans eat what they need, and allow casual cultural controls toughen liable habit. criminal sanctions have been reserved for any use that affected the protection of others. Blowing Smoke proposes an method of the battle on medicines that returns us to the pre-disease-model period. Dr. Reznicek asserts that habit isn't really a scientific challenge to be taken care of in rehab or through prohibiting substance use. really, he debunks the sickness version, arguing that it has exacerbated the matter via telling drug abusers that they're now not liable for their habit, that they're unwell, that they're to not blame. He skillfully argues for a brand new method of drug use and abuse that calls for a shift within the method we struggle the struggle on drugs.
Dr. Reznicek offers a brand new framework for realizing drug abuse: the behavior version. behavior are practiced so long as they supply convenience, and are deserted after they reason soreness. The behavior version is extra in keeping with present neuroscientific wisdom and it bills for the generally saw phenomenon that almost all substance abusers don’t switch until eventually they “hit bottom,” the purpose the place the results of drug use ultimately outweigh its advantages.
Using the behavior version, Dr. Reznicek indicates the answer to the drug challenge is to show again the clock, and to take classes from societies that use social controls and outcomes to accommodate dependancy and drug abuse. He recommends the legalization of substances for adults, the implementation of social practices to dissuade abusers, and the tip to using rehab as a fashion of dealing with dependancy. Blowing Smoke exhibits how such an iconoclastic process can paintings for us this day.
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Additional info for Blowing Smoke: Rethinking the War on Drugs Without Prohibition and Rehab
The United Nations started work on the convention in 1949, but it took twelve years to produce the final product. The convention criminalized possession, not just transfers, of banned substances. Signatories now had the backing of the international community to wage an all-out drug war. The UN treaty was enacted into law through the Controlled Substance Act (CSA) passed by Congress in 1970. The CSA is Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control, which also established the five schedules used today to classify controlled drugs.
S. legislation outlawed only the importation of opium for smoking. This again was aimed at Chinese immigrants, as Americans were accustomed to ingesting their opium. Concerns about cocaine arose when it was linked to blacks in the South. An editorial in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 1900 warned that blacks were getting addicted to “a new form of vice” by sniffing cocaine. Dr. 32-caliber bullets that police officers used. S. obligations from being signatories to the International Hague Opium Convention of 1912, which was the first international drug control treaty.
11 While opium was legal to buy without a prescription, most people got started through the advice of their physicians. 12 COCAINE Cocaine became popular in Western society in the nineteenth century after Sigmund Freud celebrated its use and wrote scientific papers about the drug. The drug became an official remedy of the Hay Fever Association. It was also considered a cure for opium addiction. It was sold in patent medicines and elixirs for children. And cocaine is still used today as an anesthetic for eye surgery.