Download Bioethical Decision Making and Argumentation by Pedro Serna, José-Antonio Seoane PDF

By Pedro Serna, José-Antonio Seoane

This ebook clarifies the that means of crucial and pervasive ideas and instruments in bioethical argumentation (principles, values, dignity, rights, tasks, deliberation, prudence) and assesses the methodological suitability of the most tools for medical decision-making and argumentation. the 1st a part of the publication is dedicated to the main constructed or promising methods relating to bioethical argumentation, particularly these according to ideas, values and human rights. The authors then proceed to house the contributions and shortcomings of those ways and recommend extra advancements by way of substantial and procedural components and ideas from sensible philosophy, normative structures idea, conception of motion, human rights and felony argumentation. additionally, new versions of biomedical and healthiness care decision-making, which triumph over the aforementioned feedback and tension the relevance of the argumentative accountability, are included.

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The most common situations of this kind that arise in human experience are not dilemmas but “problems”, conflicts that have three or more solutions, sometimes a thousand, which we have to identify. A particularly damaging feature of the human mind is its tendency to turn problems into dilemmas, seeing only the extreme courses of action, and ignoring all the other possible intermediate courses. The extreme courses in the case of a conflict of values always coincide with choosing one of the values at stake with absolute harm to the other, and vice versa.

Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy 6: 227–233. Gracia, Diego. 2010. Philosophy: Ancient and contemporary approaches. In Methods in medical ethics, 2nd ed, ed. Jeremy Sugarman and Daniel P. Sulmasy, 55–71. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press. Gracia, Diego. 2011a. Deliberation and consensus. In The SAGE handbook of health care ethics, ed. Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, and Eric M. Meslin, 84–89. London: SAGE Publications. 2 Values and Bioethics 29 Gracia, Diego. 2011b. Teoría y práctica de la deliberación moral.

Aristotle 1831, 1112 a 18–1113 a 13; 1142 a 32–1142 b 33) Other uses of human reason are not deliberative, and the clearest example of this is mathematics. About the fact that two and two are four, says Aristotle, there is no possible deliberation. Nor can we deliberate on the Pythagorean theorem. Theorems can be demonstrated, which means that we know their true solution, all other possible solutions being by definition false. This is the logic in which the final valences are true and false.

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