Download Battery Technology Handbook, Second Edition (Electrical and by H.A. Kiehne PDF

By H.A. Kiehne

This useful reference is still the main accomplished advisor to the basic theories, thoughts, and techniques used for battery operation and layout. It contains new and revised chapters targeting the security, functionality, caliber, and enhancement of varied batteries and battery structures. From automobile, electrochemical, and high-energy purposes to method implementation, choice, and standardization, the second one version offers professional discussions on electrochemical power garage, the benefits of battery-powered traction, the disposal and recycling of used batteries, danger prevention, and the chemistry and physics of lithium fundamental batteries.

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Example text

Heat generation values referred to 100 Ah of nominal capacity. The figures in the bottom part represent heat generation in total. 7 Wh/100 Ah. 5 mO per 100 Ah of nominal capacity. Copyright © 2003 by Expert Verlag. All Rights Reserved. The center part of Fig. 11 shows how the current is distributed to charging, water decomposition, and discharging. During the initial stage, practically only charging occurs; water decomposition can be neglected on account of the flat current voltage curves for gas generation (cf.

Another reaction mechanism that in a certain aspect resembles to the above one characterizes lithium-ion batteries (cf. Chapter 18). The course of the cell reaction is illustrated in Fig. 7 In such a battery, a carbon electrode that forms layers and allows intercalation of Li ions is combined with a positive electrode of a metal oxide that also intercalates the small Liþ ions into a layered structure (mainly Lix CO2 , Lix NiO2 , or Lix Mn2 O4 ). e. the lithium-filled material characterizes the discharged state of the positive electrode, and the Liþ ions compensate for a corresponding reduction of the metal ions ðMe4þ þ x ?

8. The resulting current is represented in Fig. 8 by the solid curve as the combination of anodic and cathodic current/voltage curves. Copyright © 2003 by Expert Verlag. All Rights Reserved. 8 The current/voltage curve. The horizontal axis (abscissa) represents polarization Z ¼ U Uo , the vertical axis (ordinate) current density i, which is synonymous to the reaction rate. io is the exchange current density that characterizes the dynamic equilibrium. According to Eq. (14), polarization is the sum of overvoltage and ohmic voltage drop.

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