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By Jasmine Dum-Tragut

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Extra info for Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library, V. 14)

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Ełborordi [j7ópfnfnthi] “fraternal nephew; brother’s son” versus Coll. [j7ópfn‚fnthi] Stand. Ïáñá߻٠korošem [kfnfw7m] “I shall decide” versus Coll. [k6‚fnfw7m] Stand. ãáñáß»óÇ č’orošec’i [twhfnfw7tshi] “I did not decide” versus Coll. [[twh(6)‚ fnfw7tshi] The colloquial realisation with a glide is, however, very frequent and widespread and has even entered into public speech – it seems to be highly conventional. Chapter 1. g. 19 3. The schwa phoneme Á ě [6] The Armenian schwa is realised as a mid central vowel.

G. ·ñ·Çé grgiro [g6ngir] “excitement”, µ³ñµ³é barbar˚[bcnbcr] “dialect” etc. – SMEA has adopted some words of colloquial or even dialectal Eastern Armenian in popular folk sayings. In the original dialects or colloquial forms the plosives and affricates appear as devoiced and aspirated, whereas in SMEA in quoting these dialectal/ colloquial lexemes the plosives and affricates following [n] are realised as voiced. g. dial. [ócrthcó] > ˳ñ¹³Ë xardax [ócndcó] “crafty; cheat”, dial. [bfnph7l] > µáñµáù»É borbok’el [bfnbfkh7l] “to kindle, to inflame”.

These positional allophonic differences are also expressed in orthography. Whereas the writing and pronunciation of the vowel phonemes ³ a [c], Ç i [i] and áõ u [u] are the same in all positions, there are positional differences in the writing and spelling of » e and ¿ ē for [7] and á o and o ō for [f]. The difference expressed in having two graphemes for each of the two phonemes [7] and [f], namely » e and ¿ ē for [7] and á o and o ō for [f] is caused by the historic change from diachronic Armenian, by former distributional differences14 (the phonemes had been real allophones in diachronic Armenian) and by orthographical conventions.

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