Download An Illustrated Brief History of Western Philosophy by Anthony Kenny PDF

By Anthony Kenny

This illustrated variation of Sir Anthony Kenny’s acclaimed survey of Western philosophy bargains the main concise and compelling tale of the total improvement of philosophy available.

Spanning 2,500 years of concept, An Illustrated short heritage of Western Philosophy presents crucial assurance of the main influential philosophers of the Western international, between them Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Jesus, Augustine, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Marx, Mill, Nietzsche, Darwin, Freud, Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein.

Replete with over 60 illustrations - starting from Dufresnoy’s The dying of Socrates, via to the name web page of Thomas More’s Utopia, photos of Hobbes and Rousseau, photos of Charles Darwin and Bertrand Russell, Freud’s personal caricature of the Ego and the identity, and Wittgenstein’s Austrian army id card - this lucid and masterful paintings is perfect for an individual with an curiosity in Western idea.

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Extra info for An Illustrated Brief History of Western Philosophy

Sample text

Suppose someone were to claim that, while the strings and the wood were gross material composites, being in tune was something which was invisible and incorporeal. Would it not be foolish to argue that this attunement could survive the smashing of the lyre and the rending of its strings? Of course; and we must conclude that when the strings of the body lose their tone through injury or disease, the soul must perish like the tunefulness of a broken lyre. Cebes too still needs convincing that the soul is immortal, but his criticism of Socrates is less radical than that of Simmias.

Since life after death is not visible, we must conclude that souls live in another world below, perhaps to return to earth in some latter day. The second argument sets out to prove the existence of a non-embodied soul not after, but before, its life in the body. The proof proceeds in two steps: first, Socrates seeks to show that knowledge is recollection; second, he urges that recollection involves pre-existence. 33 AIBC02 33 22/03/2006, 10:37 AM the athens of socrates The first step in the argument goes like this.

This is the world in which it is at home. ’ Hence, Socrates concludes, the body is liable to dissolution, while the soul is almost totally indissoluble. If even bodies, when mummified in Egypt, can survive for many years, it must be totally improbable that the soul dissolves and disappears at the moment of death. The soul of the true philosopher will depart to an invisible world of bliss. But impure souls, who in life were nailed to the body by rivets of pleasure and pain, and are still wedded to bodily concerns at the moment of death, will not become totally immaterial, but will haunt the tomb as shadowy ghosts, until they enter the prison of a new body, perhaps of a lascivious ass, or a vicious wolf, or at best, a sociable and industrious bee.

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