Download Academic Freedom Imperiled: The McCarthy Era at the by J. Dee Kille PDF

By J. Dee Kille

The "Red scare" of the Fifties created a countrywide obstacle that challenged techniques of loyalty and freedom of speech in each nook of yank society. The concern was once in particular not easy in American universities, the place traditions of educational freedom discovered themselves at odds with political concerns stemming from the chilly struggle. The collage of Nevada in Reno was once no exception. The collage ahead of and through international conflict II used to be a small (fewer than 2,000 scholars) institution supplying simple courses to a mostly Nevada-based scholar physique within the nation’s least-populated kingdom. The campus used to be quiet, safe, conventional, and customarily conservative. The postwar years introduced booming enrollments and new college contributors, many from open air Nevada, imbued with a feeling of the significance of study and of shared educational governance. quickly, the college chanced on itself embroiled in an extreme controversy that threatened its educational integrity or even raised matters approximately its destiny as a plausible establishment. The 1952 appointment of Minard W. Stout as president prompted the situation. Mandated via a conservative Board of Regents to "clean up" the collage, Stout dropped at his new task a willing experience of undertaking and a strident dedication to an authoritarian, top-down chain of command. His next battles with college and scholars over their function in collage governance and over the very nature of upper schooling quickly degenerated into offended accusations of school Communist sympathies and sour confrontations over educational loose speech, educational freedom, and loyalty. The hurricane introduced the collage nationwide notoriety and made the management of upper schooling a massive factor inside of Nevada, eventually concerning the nation legislature and the courts which will unravel the clash. J. Dee Kille’s vigorous and insightful account of the hindrance "on the hill" rests on quite a lot of archival assets, interviews and oral histories, collage documents, and released assets. of significant curiosity to readers attracted to Fifties Nevada, the ebook additionally serves as a strong case examine of the devastating impression of McCarthyism, suspicion, and repression on an American collage in this turbulent period within the nation’s historical past.

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Extra resources for Academic Freedom Imperiled: The McCarthy Era at the University of Nevada (Wilbur S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) (Wilber S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History)

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There were others in the meeting who took the Communist threat more seriously. 46 This was the first oblique reference to the need for un to have an anti-Communist oath. But the major controversies over antiCommunist oaths then going on at the University of Washington and the University of California tended to keep oath discussions to a minimum in Nevada. The topic stayed dormant until late 1953; at the present, Stout and the regents had a more dangerous challenge to face: that of the legislature trying to usurp their authority.

Despite Terry’s disclaimer about the Board of Regents’s reluctance to make a connection among Communism, the aaup, and the dissidents, there remains some question about who was really pushing the issue. Although Terry is sure that Heward was the one who believed there might be a connection, Frank McCulloch, editor of the Nevada State News, was not so certain. In the editorial he wrote after witnessing the Richardson hearing, he related that on the day prior to Thomas Little’s testimony, during the testimony of someone else, one of the regents was reading a copy of American Mercury, a popular magazine with a resolute anti-Communist bias.

Little responded that he was not only not a Communist, but a Republican and had ‘‘Q’’ clearance from the Atomic Energy Commission and the fbi for work at the atomic proving grounds in southern Nevada. The existence of Little’s grant and its attendant clearance procedures had been common knowledge since mid-April, so for Heward to pose such a ludicrous question was proof to his audience that he had merely been attempting to smear both the aaup and Richardson who was the president of the local chapter.

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